Aside from its obvious benefits, hydraulic systems are also cheaper than pneumatic and electrical systems. A hydraulic system has fewer parts and is much easier to maintain. Since it is a water-based system, it is more environmentally friendly and does not generate as much heat, making it safer for workers and less likely to create fire hazards. Hydraulic fluids are also much quieter than those used in electrical and mechanical systems.
Hydraulic systems are more reliable than pneumatic systems. They are much more safe than pneumatic systems, as they operate on fluid rather than compressed air. Pneumatics are more prone to accidents due to sudden leaks or valve ruptures. For example, a broken valve could break off the end of a pneumatic tank, penetrating cement walls. Pneumatic systems are less expensive, but they are less durable.
In comparison to hydraulic systems, pneumatic systems don’t require high startup costs. Depending on the application, a pneumatic system can move many pounds without a lot of maintenance. Pneumatic tools can change state quickly, but lack the force of a hydraulic ram. Typically, pneumatic systems operate with pressures between 80 and 100 pounds per square inch. Hydraulic jacks can lift much heavier loads than a pneumatic ram, since hydraulic oil isn’t compressible.
Compared to hydraulic systems, pneumatic systems are more flexible and easier to use. Pneumatics are also more flexible and easier to install, while hydraulics are more expensive. They can also take up less space, while hydraulic systems require more expensive components and take up more space. Aside from the price differences, pneumatic systems are more environmentally friendly than hydraulics. If you’re planning to purchase a pneumatic system, make sure to read the specifications of the system.